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"Compulsory HIV testing and forced sterilization are counterproductive tothe Rwandan government's goal of improved reproductive health," said JoeAmon, health and human rights director at Human Rights Watch. "Provisions inthe current bill that increase stigma, rely on coercion, and denyindividuals their reproductive rights should be removed. " Human Rights Watch said that the reproductive health bill, drafted by theparliamentary committee whose duties include promoting social welfare,contains three particularly troublesome provisions related to HIV/AIDStesting. First it provides that all individuals who plan to marry mustundergo HIV testing and provide a certificate beforehand. Second, marriedindividuals are required to be tested for HIV/AIDS upon
the request of theirspouses. Third, if a physician finds it "necessary" for a child or anincapacitated person to be tested for HIV/AIDS, he or she may conduct thetest without seeking consent
and may show the result to the parent,guardian, or care provider.